HIV and Aging
Medical management of HV has simplified over the years, however, additional medical conditions associated with aging occur in older people already living with HIV. The management of multiple medical conditions requires awareness of the potential for drug interactions and a coordinated approach to care. As more people live into older ages with HIV, there are other areas that deserve greater awareness and action:
- The possibility of increased HIV transmission among older people. People aged 55 and older represent about 5% of all new HIV infections in the United States. However, as more people age with HIV, transmission may also increase. HIV (and STD) prevention and sexual health information focused on older age groups is key to prevent further transmission.
- The importance of early diagnosis. Persons aged 50 and over accounted for almost one-fifth (18%) of new HIV diagnoses in 2013. Starting antiretroviral medications early in the course of HIV infection and staying on it can protect health and extend life – in some cases, nearly equal to that of someone without HIV. Routine HIV testing through age 65 per US Preventive Services Task Force guidelines, with more frequent testing for those at higher risk, is the best way to detect HIV as early as possible.
- Awareness of the social issues that can accompany living with HIV into older ages. Older people living with HIV often experience stigma and discrimination, which can lead to social isolation, loneliness, depression, minimize health-seeking behaviors, and create concerns with elder care situations.
- The need for caregivers trained to meet the needs of older people living with HIV. Assisted living centers, nursing homes, and home health care providers need caregivers educated in the specifics of caring for people living with HIV and other conditions. Additionally, institutions and providers should strive to create supportive environments free from stigma and discrimination to effectively serve the needs of the varied populations affected by HIV.
In just the past few years, we have seen the percentage of people living with HIV who are over the age of 65 increase 91% -- from 32,000 people in 2007 to 61,200 people in 2012. These numbers will continue to increase as people continue to live longer and more healthily with HIV. This is first and foremost a success. But history will judge us not only on the advances in testing to help people learn of their infection and in medications to keep them healthy, but also in supporting people living with HIV across their lifetimes. National HIV/AIDS and Aging Awareness day draws attention to this need, and it is up to all of us to meet it.