HRSA's Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program and Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day

Content From: TargetHIVPublished: March 06, 20203 min read


Cross-posted from TargetHIVExit Disclaimer

Note: On March 10, we will observe National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day. The theme this year is HIV Prevention Starts with Me: Ending the HIV Epidemic Together. Please read the following from the HRSA’s Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program/TargetHIV

RWHAP Women Infographic 2020
Credit: TargetHIV

Women account for 19% of new HIV diagnoses in the United States (CDC, 2017) and 26.5% of Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP) clients (HRSA, 2018). Minority women comprise 84% of RWHAP female clients, of whom 62.1% are African American, 19% are Latina, and 16% are white.

This heavy burden is driven by an environment of poverty, lack of access to health care, and addiction. Female RWHAP clients have lower incomes than male clients, according to the 2018 report and summarized in the HRSA Fact Sheet, Female Clients: Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, 2018 (PDF, 130 KB) (January 2020).

Viral Suppression among Clients Served by the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, by Gender, 2010-2018
HRSA HIV/AIDS Bureau, RWHAP Annual Client-Level Data Report, 2018

HIV Health Outcomes among Women

Data on health outcomes of RWHAP clients come from the HRSA RWHAP Annual Client-Level Data Report (RSR), an annual report on RWHAP client characteristics (including gender) and health outcomes.

  • From 2010 through 2018, viral suppression increased from 66.3% to 86.8% among female RWHAP clients, similar to increases seen among all RWHAP clients (rose from 69.5% to 87.1%) and male RWHAP clients. Rates among RWHAP transgender clients have also climbed dramatically but still lag (see below).
  • The percentage of Black/African American women who were virally suppressed (85.7%) was slightly lower than the national RWHAP average (87.1%) and all RWHAP female clients (86.8%). Viral suppression among Hispanic women was 88.7%.
  • Although the rate of viral suppression among transgender women (transgender male-to-female clients) increased to 81.1% in 2018, it remained the lowest rate of viral suppression across gender subpopulations.

Resources on Women and HIV

This site features TA and training manuals and initiative focusing on women living with HIVExit Disclaimer. Below are highlights:

Intimate Partner Violence

HRSA's Prevent, Assess, and Respond: A Domestic Violence Toolkit for Health Centers & Domestic Violence ProgramsExit Disclaimer was developed to help health centers build a response to intimate partner violence (IPV) and human trafficking (HT) in partnership with social service organizations.

RWHAP Part D: A Focus on Women

While all aspects of RWHAP deliver care to women living with HIV, Part D is focused on HIV/AIDS services for women, infants, children, youth, and their families. See the RWHAP Part D WICY Fact Sheet (PDF, 143 KB) (August 2019) and the list of RWHAP Part D recipients.