Cross-posted from TargetHIV
Note: On March 10, we will observe National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day. The theme this year is HIV Prevention Starts with Me: Ending the HIV Epidemic Together. Please read the following from the HRSA’s Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program/TargetHIV
Women account for 19% of new HIV diagnoses in the United States (CDC, 2017) and 26.5% of Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP) clients (HRSA, 2018). Minority women comprise 84% of RWHAP female clients, of whom 62.1% are African American, 19% are Latina, and 16% are white.
This heavy burden is driven by an environment of poverty, lack of access to health care, and addiction. Female RWHAP clients have lower incomes than male clients, according to the 2018 report and summarized in the HRSA Fact Sheet, Female Clients: Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, 2018 (PDF, 130 KB) (January 2020).
HIV Health Outcomes among Women
Data on health outcomes of RWHAP clients come from the HRSA RWHAP Annual Client-Level Data Report (RSR), an annual report on RWHAP client characteristics (including gender) and health outcomes.
- From 2010 through 2018, viral suppression increased from 66.3% to 86.8% among female RWHAP clients, similar to increases seen among all RWHAP clients (rose from 69.5% to 87.1%) and male RWHAP clients. Rates among RWHAP transgender clients have also climbed dramatically but still lag (see below).
- The percentage of Black/African American women who were virally suppressed (85.7%) was slightly lower than the national RWHAP average (87.1%) and all RWHAP female clients (86.8%). Viral suppression among Hispanic women was 88.7%.
- Although the rate of viral suppression among transgender women (transgender male-to-female clients) increased to 81.1% in 2018, it remained the lowest rate of viral suppression across gender subpopulations.
Resources on Women and HIV
This site features TA and training manuals and initiative focusing on women living with HIV. Below are highlights:
- Women of Color: Enhancing Access is an implementation guide developed under the Integrating HIV Innovative Practices (IHIP), a HRSA initiative that is turning Special Projects of National Significance (SPNS) innovation into practice with manuals, curricula, webinars, and tools.
- The National HIV Curriculum (NHC), developed by HRSA's AETC Program and the University of Washington, the NHC offers continuing education credits and a robust online learning experience. Their HIV in Women topic covers contraception, conception, and other key issues. The HIV in Sexual and Gender Minority Populations chapter reviews epidemiology and care issues for cis- and transgender women.
- Various RWHAP SPNS initiatives have investigated innovative models of HIV/AIDS care for minority and underserved populations, including women. See SPNS Transgender Women of Color Initiative Intervention Manuals, from the initiative Enhancing Engagement and Retention in Quality HIV Care for Transgender Women of Color and the efforts of the Transgender Evaluation and Technical Assistance Center (2012-2017).
- Building Care/Prevention Capacity along the HIV Care Continuum in Southern Metro Areas, funded under the Secretary’s Minority AIDS Initiative Fund, is implementing innovative models of service delivery to improve minority population health along the HIV care continuum. The focus will be on men who have sex with men (MSM), youth, cisgender and transgender women, and people who inject drugs (PWID). See the slides from the 2018 Ryan White Conference, Southern Initiative: Building Capacity to Improve Outcomes among Minority Populations (PPT, 1.2 MB).
Intimate Partner Violence
HRSA's Prevent, Assess, and Respond: A Domestic Violence Toolkit for Health Centers & Domestic Violence Programs was developed to help health centers build a response to intimate partner violence (IPV) and human trafficking (HT) in partnership with social service organizations.
RWHAP Part D: A Focus on Women
While all aspects of RWHAP deliver care to women living with HIV, Part D is focused on HIV/AIDS services for women, infants, children, youth, and their families. See the RWHAP Part D WICY Fact Sheet (PDF, 143 KB) (August 2019) and the list of RWHAP Part D recipients.